One of the central factors which influences how the pharmaceutical industry operates is, of course, medicine and its effectiveness. If medicine is not effective, no consumer will use it, and it becomes unprofitable for developing and manufacturing.
Antibiotic resistance is the ability of bacteria to become insensitive to the action of an antibiotic. In the case of resistant bacteria, the specific antibiotic does no longer inhibit the growth of the bacteria or these are no longer killed by the antibiotic. Treatment of a patient or sick animal with the antibiotic to which the bacteria are resistant has no effect: the bacteria continue to grow undisturbedly and the infectious disease may further develop.
Antibiotics are substances that specifically inhibit the growth of bacteria or even kill them.
Bacteria are small, single-celled microorganisms that belong to the oldest life form on earth.
British artist Anna Dumitriu, who served as the 2018 president of the Science and the Arts Section of the British Science Association, has focused on the issue of antimicrobial resistance in her recent work. She states, “We are confronted by a very difficult situation now, where important antibiotic drugs we have relied on for many years have simply stopped working, because bacteria have evolved strategies to beat them.