Antimicrobial resistance in Ethiopia: A systematic review and meta-analysis of prevalence in foods, food handlers, animals, and the environment

  30 June 2021

Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) has been recognized as one of the greatest global threats for human and animal health. The present review retrieved up to date information on the epidemiology of AMR in the animal-source food chain in Ethiopia focusing on AMR in bacterial species isolated from food handlers, live animals, foods (animal origin and non-animal origin), and in environmental samples. Accordingly, pooled prevalence of AMR in the different sources was estimated. For data analysis, we used random effect meta-analysis and in order to avoid exclusion of studies with zero prevalence of antimicrobial resistance, Freeman-Tukey double arcsine transformation was applied. We identified 152 eligible studies and retrieved 4097 data records (183 in food handlers, 2055 in foods, 1040 in live animals and 819 for environmental samples) which together reported a total of 86,813 AMR tests with 64 different antimicrobial disks for 81 bacteria species. We present the pooled prevalence of AMR for major bacterium-antibiotic combination in different sample types.

Further reading: One Health
Author(s): Biruk Alemu, Gemedaac Ayalew, Assefab Megarsa, Bedasa Jaletac, Kebede Amenuc, Barbara Wielanda
Clean Environment   Effective Surveillance   Healthy Animals   Secure Foods  


Unrestricted financial support by:


Antimicrobial Resistance Fighter Coalition

Bangalore Bioinnovation Centre


Ambassador Network

Join the AMR Insights Ambassador Network today!

Connect to over 650 AMR professionals and students in 65 countries!

More information

What is going on with AMR?
Stay tuned with remarkable global AMR news and developments!

Keep me informed