Antimicrobial consumption and resistance in bacteria from humans and animals

  01 July 2021

This report was produced as a collaboration between the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) and the European Medicines Agency (EMA). It is the third joint inter-agency report on integrated analysis of antimicrobial agent consumption and occurrence of antimicrobial resistance in bacteria from humans and food-producing animals (JIACRA), prepared by the three agencies at the request of the European Commission (EC). Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) constitutes a significant public health problem in Europe as well as in other parts of the world, representing a serious social and economic burden and a threat to animal health and production. The main driver behind AMR is antimicrobial consumption (AMC), in both humans and food-producing animals. Recognising that human and animal health are interconnected, this report is based on a ‘One-Health’ approach. 

This report provides an integrated analysis of possible relationships between AMC in humans and food-producing animals and the occurrence of AMR in bacteria from humans and food-producing animals.

Further reading: ECDC, EFSA, EMA
Author(s): ECDC, EFSA, EMA
Healthy Animals   Healthy Patients   Secure Foods  


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