The development of an integrated environment–human risk approach for the prioritisation of antibiotics for policy decisions
Environmental contamination with antibiotic residues has caused significant concern. Antibiotics are continually emitted into the environment which potentially threatens environmental and human health, particularly, the risk in the development of antibiotic resistance. A list of priority antibiotics in the environment is essential for eco-pharmacovigilance and policy decisions. This study developed a prioritisation system of antibiotics based on their integrated environmental (resistance and ecotoxicity) and human health (resistance and toxicity) risks, considering various aquatic environmental compartments. Data obtained by conducting a systematic review of the literature of antibiotic residues in various aquatic environmental compartments in China was used as an example.
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