Gene editing enables rapid engineering of complex antibiotic assembly lines
Re-engineering biosynthetic assembly lines, including nonribosomal peptide synthetases (NRPS) and related megasynthase enzymes, is a powerful route to new antibiotics and other bioactive natural products that are too complex for chemical synthesis. However, engineering megasynthases is very challenging using current methods. Here, we describe how CRISPR-Cas9 gene editing can be exploited to rapidly engineer one of the most complex megasynthase assembly lines in nature, the 2.0 MDa NRPS enzymes that deliver the lipopeptide antibiotic enduracidin. Gene editing was used to exchange subdomains within the NRPS, altering substrate selectivity, leading to ten new lipopeptide variants in good yields.
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