Financing pull mechanisms for antibiotic-related innovation: Opportunities for Europe

  21 February 2020

Antibiotic innovation is in serious jeopardy as companies continue to abandon the market due to a lack of profitability. Novel antibiotics must be used sparingly to hinder the spread of resistance, but small companies cannot survive on revenues that do not cover operational costs. When these companies go either bankrupt or move onto other therapeutic areas, these antibiotics may be no longer accessible to patients. While significant research efforts have detailed incentives to stimulate antibiotic innovation, little attention has been paid to the financing of these incentives. In this article, we take a closer look at four potential financing models (diagnosis-related group carve-out, stewardship taxes, transferable exclusivity voucher, and a European-based “pay or play” model) and evaluate them from a European perspective. The attractiveness of these models and the willingness for countries to test them are currently being vetted through the European Joint Action on AMR and Healthcare-Associated Infections (EU-JAMRAI).


Author(s): Christine Årdal, Yohann Lacotte, Marie-Cécile Ploy
Smart Innovations  


Unrestricted financial support by:


Antimicrobial Resistance Fighter Coalition

Bangalore Bioinnovation Centre


Ambassador Network

Join the AMR Insights Ambassador Network today!

Connect to over 650 AMR professionals and students in 65 countries!


What is going on with AMR?
Stay tuned with remarkable global AMR news and developments!

Keep me informed