Association of health, nutrition, and socioeconomic variables with global antimicrobial resistance: a modelling study
Although antimicrobial use is a key selector for antimicrobial resistance, recent studies have suggested that the ecological context in which antimicrobials are used might provide important factors for the prediction of the emergence and spread of antimicrobial resistance.
Metagenomic analysis of sewage is a robust approach for the surveillance of antimicrobial resistance in pathogens, especially for bacterial groups associated with the human gut. Additional studies on the associations between important socioeconomic, nutritional, and health factors and antimicrobial resistance should consider the variation in these associations between countries and antimicrobial classes.
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