Antimicrobial activity of cell free supernatants from probiotics inhibits against pathogenic bacteria isolated from fresh boar semen
The use of antibiotics with semen extender appears to be a practical solution to minimise bacterial growth in fresh boar semen preservation. Unfortunately, the excessive use of antibiotics promotes antimicrobial resistance (AMR). This becomes a worldwide concern due to the antimicrobial resistance genes transmitted to animals, environment, and humans. Probiotics are one of the alternative methods to reduce antibiotic use. They could inhibit pathogenic bacteria by producing antimicrobial substances in cell free supernatants (CFS).
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