Accurate and rapid prediction of tuberculosis drug resistance from genome sequence data using traditional machine learning algorithms and CNN

  15 February 2022

Effective and timely antibiotic treatment depends on accurate and rapid in silico antimicrobial-resistant (AMR) predictions. Existing statistical rule-based Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) drug resistance prediction methods using bacterial genomic sequencing data often achieve varying results: high accuracy on some antibiotics but relatively low accuracy on others. Traditional machine learning (ML) approaches have been applied to classify drug resistance for MTB and have shown more stable performance. However, there is no study that uses deep learning architecture like Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) on a large and diverse cohort of MTB samples for AMR prediction.

Further reading: Nature
Author(s): Xingyan Kuang, Fan Wang, Kyle M. Hernandez, Zhenyu Zhang & Robert L. Grossman
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