Vaccination coverage in Italian children and antimicrobial resistance: an ecological analysis
Although a general consensus that vaccines could be a complementary strategy against antimicrobial resistance (AMR), there is still the need for studies investigating the relationship between childhood vaccination coverage and AMR proportions in the overall population.
We performed an ecological analysis of available Italian data (vaccination coverages, AMR proportions, number of isolates tested, and antibiotic use) to evaluate the relationships between vaccination coverages in children and AMR proportions in the last 2 decades.
After adjusting for covariates, we showed that AMR proportions decreased with increasing vaccination coverages, especially for some combinations of vaccines, pathogens, and antimicrobials.
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