Reframing antimicrobial resistance as a continuous spectrum of manifestations
To fight antimicrobial resistance (AMR), we must recognize and target all its manifestations. In this review, we briefly summarize the history that led to recognition of the various manifestations of AMR in bacterial pathogens and the ways in which they interrelate. We emphasize the importance of distinguishing between AMR arising from genetic alterations versus induction of endogenous machinery in response to environmental triggers, including — paradoxically — stresses from host immunity and antimicrobial therapy. We present an integrated view of AMR by reframing it as a spectrum of phenotypes within a continuous three-dimensional space defined by the growth rate, prevalence, and kill rate of cells displaying AMR. Finally, we reflect on strategies that may help stem the emergence of AMR.
Global Ambassador Network
Welcome at the AMR Insights Ambassador Network!
The AMR Insights Ambassador Network is a growing, distinctive group of professionals who stand out for their commitment, willingness to cooperate and open attitude to combat Antimicrobial resistance (AMR).