Prevalence of Carbapenem Non-susceptible Gram-Negative Bacteria at Tertiary Care Hospitals in Saudi Arabia
Antibiotics significantly increased life expectancy and decreased mortality rates due to infections. However, this trend is starting to fade with the rise of multidrug-resistant organisms (MDR); these strains are becoming a global burden on healthcare and the economy. The dramatic increase and spread of carbapenem-resistant gram-negative bacteria (CRGNB) has become a serious global public health concern. In this retrospective cross-sectional study, we aimed to estimate the rates of gram-negative bacteremia in five tertiary care hospitals in different geographical locations in Saudi Arabia for five years.
Our study showed that the prevalence of carbapenem non-susceptible Gram-negative bacteria is relatively high, which therefore makes them very challenging to treat. The results show an urgent need for improved antibiotic stewardship strategies, including better surveillance and more effective infection control measures to reduce this issue. Further research into the molecular epidemiology and risk factors associated with these infections is necessary to guide public health policymakers in developing interventions to help control the spread of carbapenem-resistant Gram-negative bacteria.
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