Population structure and antimicrobial resistance among Klebsiella isolates sampled from human, animal, and environmental sources in Ghana: a cross-sectional genomic One Health study
One Health approaches to address the increasing threat of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) are gaining attention. However, data on the distribution and movement of bacteria and their AMR-associated genes between clinical and non-clinical sources are scarce, especially from low-income and middle-income countries. We aimed to analyse Klebsiella isolates from various sources in Ghana and compare the prevalence of AMR with datasets from two other countries.
Although several AMR-associated gene classes were observed relatively frequently in non-clinical sources, ESBL, carbapenemase, and virulence genes were predominantly present only in hospital samples. These results suggest that interventions should be focused on clinical settings to have the greatest effect on the prevalence and dissemination of AMR-associated genes.
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