Occurrence of Multiple, Extensive and Pan Drug-Resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Carbapenemase Production from Presumptive Isolates Stored in a Biobank at Ethiopian Public Health Institute
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a common cause of nosocomial infections with associated morbidity and mortality because the organism is unresponsive to commonly available antimicrobials. This study was undertaken to determine the multiple drug-resistant (MDR), extensive drug-resistant (XDR) and pan drug-resistant (PDR) phenotype of P. aeruginosa and its carbapenemase production rate from presumptive isolates stored in the biobank at the Ethiopian Public Health Institute (EPHI).
This study shows an increasing rate of MDR and XDR isolates and the appearance of PDR in P. aeruginosa strains; this is a serious problem in Ethiopia. The lack of newer anti-pseudomonal antibiotics adds to the problem. In order to alleviate this, infection prevention activities should be promoted, and treatment of bacterial infections should be guided by antibiotic susceptibility test results.
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