Measuring the global response to antimicrobial resistance, 2020–21: a systematic governance analysis of 114 countries

  24 January 2023

Understanding strategic commitments and policy responses to overcome antimicrobial resistance at the national, regional, and global levels is required to evaluate current progress and direct future planning. National action plans (NAPs) are the primary mechanism for guiding national strategy and action for antimicrobial resistance governance. Although several NAPs have been developed, no comprehensive content analysis of these plans exists. Using a governance framework, we aimed to assess all publicly available NAPs on antimicrobial resistance.

International efforts to control antimicrobial resistance varied considerably between countries. Monitoring and evaluation efforts need improving for continuous understanding of national and international progress. International response might not be commensurate with the scale and severity of antimicrobial resistance.

Author(s): Jay Patel et al
Effective Surveillance  


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Antimicrobial Resistance Fighter Coalition

Bangalore Bioinnovation Centre


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