Making waves: How does the emergence of antimicrobial resistance affect policymaking?

  18 October 2021

This article considers current trends in antimicrobial resistance (AMR) research and knowledge gaps relevant to policymaking in the water sector. Specifically, biological indicators of AMR (antibiotic-resistant bacteria and their resistance genes) and detection methods that have been used so far are identified and discussed, as well as the problems with and solutions to the collection of AMR data, sewage surveillance lessons from the COVID-19 pandemic, and the financial burden caused by AMR, which could be synergically used to improve advocacy on AMR issues in the water sector. Finally, this article proposes solutions to overcoming existing hurdles and shortening the time it will take to have an impact on policymaking and regulation in the sector.

Further reading: Water Research
Author(s): Ana Carolina Maganha de AlmeidaKumlien, EdgarGonzález-Villalobos, José L.Balcázar
Effective Surveillance  


Unrestricted financial support by:

Antimicrobial Resistance Fighter Coalition

Bangalore Bioinnovation Centre


JSS University


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