Magnitude of non-prescribed antibiotic dispensing in Ethiopia: a multicentre simulated client study with a focus on non-urban towns
Non-prescription dispensing of antibiotics significantly contributes to widespread antibiotic misuse, which in turn hastens the occurrence of antibiotic resistance. It is believed to be common in Ethiopia despite prescription-only regulations. We aimed to quantify non-prescription dispensing of antibiotics in community drug retail outlets (CDROs) with a focus on non-urban towns in the Amhara region of Ethiopia.
It was possible to obtain antibiotics without prescription from a high proportion of CDROs, both in clinical scenario-based and direct antibiotic request interactions. Multifaceted interventions including stringent regulatory enforcement, frequent CDRO practice surveillance, CDRO staff training and community health education are needed with greater emphasis on rural areas.
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