Investigating Antimicrobial Resistance Genes in Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania Cattle Using Metagenomics
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a growing problem in African cattle production systems, posing a threat to human and animal health and the associated economic value chain. However, there is a poor understanding of the resistomes in small-holder cattle breeds in East African countries. This study aims to examine the distribution of Antimicrobial Resistance Genes (ARGs) in Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda cattle using a metagenomics approach.
Our findings call for further surveillance to estimate the intensity of the antibiotic resistance problem and wider resistome classification. Effective management of livestock and antibiotic consumption is crucial in minimizing antimicrobial resistance and maximizing productivity, making these findings relevant to stakeholders, agriculturists, and veterinarians in East Africa and Africa at large.
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