Incidence of infection with multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacteria and vancomycin-resistant enterococci in carriers: a systematic review and meta-regression analysis
Carriers of multidrug-resistant bacteria are at risk of infections with these bacteria; the precise size of this risk is unclear. We aimed to quantify the effect of gut colonisation on subsequent risk of infection with multidrug-resistant bacteria.
The risk of infection was substantial, with the highest risk for patients colonised with carbapenem-resistant Gram-negative bacteria and the lowest in patients with VRE. These data might help to guide prophylactic and treatment decisions and form a valuable resource for planning clinical trials on targeted prevention.
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