Impact of respiratory infection and chronic comorbidities on early pediatric antibiotic dispensing in the United States
In the United States, children under age 5 receive high volumes of antibiotics, which may contribute to antibiotic resistance. It has been unclear what role preventable illnesses and chronic comorbidities play in prompting antibiotic prescriptions.
Privately insured children in the US receive high volumes of antibiotics early in their lives, largely related to respiratory infections. Antibiotic dispensing is unequally distributed among children, with substantially more antibiotics dispensed to children with select comorbidities.
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