High burden of infections caused by ESBL-producing MDR Escherichia coli in paediatric patients, Yangon, Myanmar

  05 March 2021

There is mounting evidence of a high burden of antimicrobial-resistant infections in children in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs).

All children attending Yangon Children’s Hospital who had clinical specimens submitted to the hospital diagnostic microbiology laboratory from June 2019 to December 2019 were included in the study. Specimens were processed routinely using standard methods with BD Phoenix used for pathogen identification and susceptibility testing. Presence of ESBLs was determined using the cephalosporin/clavulanate combination disc method with confirmation by PCR.

This study confirms a high proportion of infections caused by ESBL-producing and MDR E. coli in children hospitalized in Yangon, where access to effective second-line antimicrobials is limited.


Author(s): Thida San, Ingyin Moe, Elizabeth A Ashley, Nilar San
Effective Surveillance  


Unrestricted financial support by:

Antimicrobial Resistance Fighter Coalition


JSS University


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