Health systems appraisal of the response to antimicrobial resistance in low- and middle-income countries in relation to COVID-19: Application of the WHO building blocks

  25 August 2023

COVID-19 has inflicted both beneficial and damaging effects on health systems responding to antimicrobial resistance (AMR). Data shows that the positive impacts of the pandemic (including enhanced hygiene, mask wearing and widespread use of personal protective equipment), are likely to have been overshadowed by the negative effects: emerging AMR pathogens and mechanisms; further outbreaks and geographic spread of AMR to non-endemic countries; rising infections from multidrug-resistant pathogen; an overall higher burden of AMR. 

Further reading: Wiley Online Library
Author(s): Jay Patel, Genevie Fernandes, Ambele Judith Mwamelo, Devi Sridhar
Effective Surveillance  


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Antimicrobial Resistance Fighter Coalition

Bangalore Bioinnovation Centre


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