Global treatment outcomes of extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis in adults: A systematic review and meta-analysis

  24 June 2023

Historically, extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis has been notoriously difficult to treat with devasting outcomes. As we are coming to the end of an era where the 2006 extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis definitions and old treatment regimens are being replaced, we aimed to estimate the proportion of extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis patients globally who achieved successful treatment outcomes.

Globally, the success rate of extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis treatment is 44.2%, far below the WHO’s target rate of 75%. These results may serve as a reference for future studies assessing extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis treatment outcomes under the 2021 definition treated with better treatment regimens available. Comprehensive surveillance data of extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis outcomes from the whole world are desirable to monitor treatment progress.

Further reading: Journal of Infection
Author(s): Ole Skouvig Pedersen et al
Effective Surveillance  


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