Genomic Analysis of Carbapenem-Resistant Acinetobacter baumannii Strains Recovered from Chilean Hospitals Reveals Lineages Specific to South America and Multiple Routes for Acquisition of Antibiotic Resistance Genes
Carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (CRAb) is a public health threat accounting for a significant number of hospital-acquired infections. Despite the importance of this pathogen, there is scarce literature on A. baumannii molecular epidemiology and evolutionary pathways relevant to resistance emergence in South American strains. We analyzed the genomic context of 34 CRAb isolates recovered from clinical samples between 2010 and 2013 from two hospitals in Santiago, Chile, using whole-genome sequencing.
The genome sequences and analyses presented here further our understanding of the mechanisms leading to multiple-drug resistance, extensive drug resistance, and pandrug resistance phenotypes in South America. Therefore, this is a significant contribution to elucidating the global molecular epidemiology of CRAb.
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