Genetic structure and triazole resistance among Aspergillus fumigatus populations from remote and undeveloped regions in Eastern Himalaya
Aspergillus fumigatus is a ubiquitous mold and a common human fungal pathogen. Recent molecular population genetic and epidemiological analyses have revealed evidence for long-distance gene flow and high genetic diversity within most local populations of A. fumigatus. However, little is known about the impact of regional landscape factors in shaping the population diversity patterns of this species. Here we sampled extensively and investigated the population structure of A. fumigatus from soils in the Three Parallel Rivers (TPR) region in Eastern Himalaya. This region is remote, undeveloped and sparsely populated, bordered by glaciated peaks more than 6,000 m above sea level, and contained three rivers separated by tall mountains over very short horizontal distances.
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