Exploring the economic impact of inappropriate antibiotic use: the case of upper respiratory tract infections in Ghana

  06 April 2022

Antibiotic consumption is increasing worldwide, particularly in low and middle-income countries (LMICs). Access to lifesaving antibiotics in LMICs is crucial while minimising inappropriate use. Studies assessing the economic impact of inappropriate antibiotic use in LMICs are lacking. We explored the economic impact of inappropriate antibiotic use using the example of upper respiratory tract infections (URIs) in Ghana, as part of the ABACUS (AntiBiotic ACcess and USe) project.

This study indicates that inappropriate antibiotic use leads to substantial economic costs in a LMIC setting that could have been prevented. We recommend investment in novel strategies to counter these unnecessary expenditures. As the projections indicate, this may result in considerable cost reductions. By tackling inappropriate use, progress can be made in combatting antibiotic resistance.

Author(s): Jip Janssen, Samuel Afari-Asiedu, Annelie Monnier, Martha Ali Abdulai, Theresa Tawiah, Heiman Wertheim, Rob Baltussen & Kwaku Poku Asante
Effective Surveillance  


Unrestricted financial support by:

Antimicrobial Resistance Fighter Coalition


JSS University


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