Estimating The Appropriate Size Of Global Pull Incentives For Antibacterial Medicines

  02 November 2021

Antibacterial medicines should be foundational for modern medicine—a key part of the infrastructure of contemporary practice. Recently, however, antibacterials have struggled commercially. Even with “push” incentives (grants paid before regulatory approval), antibacterials have failed on the market because revenues are tied to volume sold. There are policy initiatives under way in the United States and United Kingdom that explore paying for exceptional antibacterials with “pull” incentives (paid after regulatory approval) by delinking the payments from volume via other payment formats such as market entry rewards and subscriptions. This article discusses these initiatives but also proposes an expected net present value model for calculating the global incentives required to create a functional antibacterial market, exploring options such as antibacterial subscriptions, market entry rewards, push incentives, higher prices, and drug development through charitable efforts.

Further reading: Health Affairs
Author(s): Kevin Outterson
Effective Surveillance  


Unrestricted financial support by:

Antimicrobial Resistance Fighter Coalition

Bangalore Bioinnovation Centre


JSS University


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