Cumulative Antibiotic Exposure in the First Five Years of Life: Estimates for 45 Low- and Middle-income Countries from Demographic and Health Survey Data

  26 March 2022

Estimates of the total cumulative exposure to antibiotics of children in low-resource settings, and the source of these treatments, are limited.

Childhood antibiotic exposure is high in some LMICs, with considerable variability. While access to antibiotics for children is still not universal, important opportunities for reducing excess use also exist, particularly with respect to the informal care sector and self-medication.

Author(s): Gillian Levine, PhD, Julia Bielicki, MD, PhD, Günther Fink, PhD
Effective Surveillance   Kids and Carers  


Unrestricted financial support by:

Antimicrobial Resistance Fighter Coalition


JSS University


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