Antimicrobial Stewardship: Leveraging the “Butterfly Effect” of Hand Hygiene

  04 October 2022

It is vital that there are coordinated, collaborative efforts to address the threat of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) and to prevent and control the spread of hospital‐onset infections, particularly those due to multidrug‐resistant (MDR) pathogens. The butterfly effect is a concept in which metaphorically speaking, small, seemingly trivial events ultimately cascade into something of far greater consequence, more specifically by having a non‐linear impact on very complex systems. In this regard, antimicrobial stewardship programs (ASP), when implemented alongside infection prevention control (IPC) interventions in hospitals, particularly hand hygiene (HH), are significantly more effective in reducing the development and spread of AMR bacteria than implementation of ASP alone.

Further reading: Antibiotics
Author(s): Adrian John Brink and Guy Antony Richards
Effective Surveillance  


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Antimicrobial Resistance Fighter Coalition

Bangalore Bioinnovation Centre


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