A Systematic Review of Pneumococcal Carriage, Disease, Antimicrobial Resistance, and Vaccination in Egyptian Children Aged 18 Years and Younger
Streptococcus pneumoniae remains an important bacterial pathogen, particularly for young children in low- and middle-income countries. A systematic review was conducted of peer-reviewed literature from PubMed published as of May 13, 2020, to identify articles relevant to invasive pneumococcal disease, pneumonia, otitis media (OM), nasopharyngeal carriage (NPC), antimicrobial resistance (AMR), and vaccination coverage in Egypt, with particular focus on children ≤ 18 years of age. A total of 16 relevant articles spanning three decades were included in this review.
Comprehensive disease surveillance and immunization programs are needed to ensure that this vulnerable population is sufficiently protected against pneumococcal disease.
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