A road-map for addressing antimicrobial resistance in low- and middle-income countries: lessons learnt from the public private participation and co-designed antimicrobial stewardship programme in the State of Kerala, India

  12 February 2021

The global concern over antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is gathering pace. Low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) are at the epicentre of this growing public health threat and governmental and healthcare organizations are at different stages of implementing action plans to tackle AMR. The South Indian state of Kerala was one of the first in India to implement strategies and prioritize activities to address this public health threat.

Through 7 years of stakeholder engagement, lobbying with government, and driving change through co-development and implementation, the PPP successfully delivered an antimicrobial stewardship plan across the state. The roadmap for the implementation of the Kerala PPP strategic AMR plan can provide learning for other states and countries aiming to implement action plans for AMR.

Author(s): Sanjeev Singh, Esmita Charani, Sarada Devi, Anuj Sharma, Fabia Edathadathil, Anil Kumar, Anup Warrier, P. S. Shareek, A. V. Jaykrishnan & K. Ellangovan
Effective Surveillance  


Unrestricted financial support by:

Antimicrobial Resistance Fighter Coalition


JSS University


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