A multivariable analysis of the contribution of socioeconomic and environmental factors to blood culture Escherichia Coli resistant to fluoroquinolones in high- and middle-income countries

  21 February 2022

Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a public health concern. We wanted to determine if various environmental and socioeconomic variables as well as markers of antimicrobial use impacted on the level of AMR in countries of different income levels.

Corruption is a strong predictor of AMR, likely reflecting a multitude of socioeconomic factors. Sanitation quality contributed to increased blood culture QREC (%) levels in middle-income countries, although was not an independent factor, highlighting the need to also focus on infrastructure such as sanitation services in the context of AMR.

Further reading: BMC Public Health
Author(s): Amy Booth & Astrid Louise Wester
Effective Surveillance  


Unrestricted financial support by:


Antimicrobial Resistance Fighter Coalition

Bangalore Bioinnovation Centre


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