25 years of surveillance of drug-resistant tuberculosis: achievements, challenges, and way forward

  25 March 2022

Tuberculosis is second only to COVID-19 as a cause of death from a single infectious agent. In 2020, almost 10 million people were estimated to have developed tuberculosis and it caused 1·5 million deaths. Around a quarter of deaths caused by antimicrobial resistance are due to rifampicin-resistant tuberculosis. Antimicrobial resistance surveillance systems for many bacterial pathogens are still in the early stages of implementation in many countries, and do not yet allow for the estimation of disease burden at the national level. In this Personal View, we present the achievements, challenges, and way forward for the oldest and largest global antimicrobial resistance surveillance system. Hosted by WHO since 1994, the Global Project on Anti-Tuberculosis Drug Resistance Surveillance has served as a platform for the evaluation of the trends in anti-tuberculosis drug resistance for over 25 years at country, regional, and global levels.

Author(s): Anna S Dean, PhD Olga Tosas Auguet, PhD Philippe Glaziou, MD Matteo Zignol, MD Nazir Ismail, FCPath Tereza Kasaeva, PhD Katherine Floyd, PhD
Effective Surveillance  


Unrestricted financial support by:

Antimicrobial Resistance Fighter Coalition


JSS University


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